An archaeological journey in Paphos, Cyprus

Anastasia Bartzi | Live the World

November 23, 2022

As we all know, Cy[prus]( is an island with a sun shining 365 days a year and incredible beaches awarded with Blue Flags. In addition, Cyprus is particularly famous for its history. It is said to be the island that has a written history dating back from palaeolithic times to neolithic and till 2019. Every period has its own history that has marked this spectacular island. 

Cyprus has different municipalities and communities,  each one of which has its own history. Paphos is one of the most historic district of Cyprus.

Built during the 7th century A.D as a Byzantine fort, the Paphos Medieval castle was demolished by the earthquake in 1222 and rebuilt in 1570 by the Venetians. The castle stands proud for many centuries in the edge of Paphos' Harbour.

The castle has been used for different purposes during centuries; it has served as a fortress, a prison and even a warehouse salt during the British conquer.

The construction of the castle is very interesting, since it has received different kinds of influence throughout those years. The main part of the castle is a big square tower with an enclosed courtyard in the middle. It consists of a central hall with small rooms, which were used as prison cells.

Nowadays, the Medieval Castle is hosting the Aphrodite Culture Festival every year, during summertime.

Photo Credit © iStockphoto/johnnymeads

"The Tombs of the Kings" is one of UNESCO´s greatest World Heritage Sites since 1980. The tombs that were excavated in 1980 are carved out of solid rock and date back to the Hellenistic and Roman periods. The famous "necropolis",  located inside the Archaeological park of Paphos, is lying at about two kilometres away from the Paphos Harbour.

The tombs specifically date back to the 4th century BC and it was said that they used to be the burial site of Paphitic aristocrats and elite authorities, till the 3rd century AD. In fact, no kings were buried there and the name of the tombs was given due to the big size and the splendour of the tombs. 

The tombs are still under excavation and they are said to be the most important archaeological site lying in the Paphian region. 

Photo Credit © iStockphoto/Kirillm

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