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Meet Luxembourg

Nestled snugly in the heart of Western Europe, there's a tiny but mighty country that's ready to take on the world: Luxembourg! Don't let its small size fool you. This landlocked nation may be one of the smallest in the world, but it's got a big personality and even bigger landscapes. From rolling hills and dense forests to flat farmland and small rivers, Luxembourg's got it all. It's like the little country that could, and boy, does it ever! The country's capital city, Luxembourg City, is a UNESCO World Heritage site and a cultural and economic powerhouse. It's like the Swiss Army knife of cities - compact, efficient, and ready to take on any challenge. And the people? They're like the secret ingredient that makes this country extra special. Friendly, multilingual, and always up for a good time, they'll make you feel right at home. Luxembourg is known for its political stability, strong economy, and diverse population. It's like the cool kid in the playground that everyone wants to hang out with. And with so many historic castles, churches, and museums to explore, it's like the kid with the coolest toys, too. So, whether you're looking to hike through stunning landscapes, sample some of the best cuisine and wine in Europe, or just soak up some serious culture, Luxembourg is the place to be. It's like a little treasure trove waiting to be discovered. So come on, what are you waiting for? Get ready to fall in love with this pint-sized powerhouse!

From Fortresses to Finance

Luxembourg was known as Lucilinburhuc during the Roman era, which sounds like a Harry Potter spell. The true magic, however, occurred in 963, when Count Siegfried constructed a stronghold on the site of modern-day Luxembourg City. He and his descendants, the Counts of Luxembourg, were basically the Game of Thrones-style feudal lords of the region, expanding their territory through wars and alliances. They had even achieved duchy status by 1354, which is similar to being a count but with more bling. In the 16th and 17th centuries, armies from Spain, France, and the Netherlands fought one another for control of Luxembourg like it was the last piece of pizza. The French eventually took control in 1684 and annexed Luxembourg to the region of Lorraine. Luxembourg, though, wasn't going to remain someone else's side dish forever. When Belgium declared its independence in 1830, Luxembourg responded, "Hey, me too!" and established itself as a sovereign nation under the rule of the Dutch king. Finally, the Treaty of London, which was undoubtedly less dramatic than the Treaty of Versailles but still a big deal, granted Luxembourg full independence in 1867. After that, there were two World Wars, and Luxembourg suffered severely during both of them. They were occupied by Germany, with Luxembourgers being forced to serve in the German army or sent off to concentration camps. They did, however, make a full recovery, and today Luxembourg is a gleaming, sophisticated nation renowned for its banking, finance, and steel industries. They are also influential members of the European Union, hosting a number of significant organisations like the European Parliament, the European Investment Bank, and the European Court of Justice. You know what else, too? They have a social welfare system that would make Bernie Sanders swoon, and they are one of the richest nations on earth. Luxembourg may be small, but they have heart, so don't mess with them, my friend.

Mountains, Valleys, and Plateaus, Oh My!

Ah, Luxembourg, the little country that could! This landlocked nation in Western Europe might be small, but it packs a punch when it comes to geography. Let's start with the Ardennes region in the north. It's like a scene out of The Sound of Music, with rolling hills, lush forests, and babbling rivers. The only thing missing is Julie Andrews twirling around in a dirndl. The Kneiff, the highest point in Luxembourg, is like the cherry on top of this picturesque sundae, rising up to 560 metres (1,837 feet) above sea level. Just don't try to ski down it, unless you want to end up in Belgium. Now, let's venture down to the Gutland in the south. This region is more industrialised and populated, but that doesn't mean it's not beautiful in its own way. It's like the Hamptons of Luxembourg, with flat farmland, forests, and small rivers and streams. And let's not forget about the jewel of Gutland, the capital city of Luxembourg. This city is a UNESCO World Heritage site, which means it's like the Mona Lisa of cities - everyone wants a piece of it. Luxembourg may be small, but it has a big personality when it comes to climate. In the Ardennes, it's like a chilly winter wonderland, with snowfall and cold temperatures. But in the Gutland, it's like a sunny summer day, with warm weather and less snowfall in the winter. It's like the country has its own personal climate control system, and it's always set to "just right." So, if you're looking for a little slice of paradise with a side of culture and history, look no further than Luxembourg. This little country may be small, but it's got a heart as big as its hills.

A Grand Adventure

Oh, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg! It's like a fairy tale kingdom, but with a Grand Duke instead of a king or queen. You might be wondering, "What's the deal with this Grand Duchy thing?" Well, let me tell you, it's a pretty big deal. First of all, it's a sign of Luxembourg's independence and self-governance. The Grand Duke (or Duchess) serves as the country's head of state, representing Luxembourg on the world stage. It's like having a fancy ambassador who also happens to be royalty. But wait, there's more! The Grand Duchy also has some real powers and duties, like signing laws and appointing government officials. And since Luxembourg is a constitutional monarchy, the Grand Duke is basically the boss of the country (well, along with the elected officials, but let's not split hairs). All in all, the Grand Duchy is a symbol of Luxembourg's unique status as a small but mighty country. It's a title that gives Luxembourg a voice and presence in international affairs, despite its small size. So, let's raise a glass to the Grand Duke and his grand ol' title!


Meet Luxembourg

Luxembourg is a diverse country with a rich cultural heritage. The country has a population of around 600,000 people, and over 46% of the population are non-nationals. This diversity is reflected in the various cultures, languages, and religions found in Luxembourg. Religion is an important aspect of life in Luxembourg, and the country has a long history of religious diversity. The majority of the population is Roman Catholic, with other Christian denominations also represented, including Protestantism and Orthodox Christianity. There are also significant Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist communities in Luxembourg. The country is known for its religious tolerance, with many different faiths coexisting peacefully.

Fun facts about Luxembourg include that it's so tiny, it could probably fit inside your closet (okay, maybe not, but you get the idea). Despite its small size, Luxembourg punches above its weight in terms of wealth and economic power. It's like the little engine that could, but instead of chugging up a hill, it's zipping around the global financial markets. Luxembourg's multilingualism is like a game of linguistic hopscotch. You can jump from French to German to Luxembourgish without breaking a sweat, and if you're feeling really adventurous, you can even throw in some English for good measure.

In terms of cuisine, Luxembourg has a unique culinary tradition that combines French, German, and Belgian influences. Some traditional dishes include judd mat gaardebounen, a hearty dish made with smoked pork collar and broad beans, and gromperekichelcher, potato fritters that are a popular street food.

Luxembourg is made up of 3 administrative regions:







Cultural Catch-Up

Ah, Luxembourg! The little country that could! Sure, it may be small, but don't let its size fool you. This pint-sized paradise is jam-packed with interesting experiences and unique sights that are sure to make your trip a memorable one. Luxembourg may be small, but it's got some serious scenery. From the lush forests of the Ardennes to the rolling hills of the Mullerthal region, there are plenty of opportunities to get lost in nature and enjoy some seriously stunning views. And don't forget about the Moselle Valley! It's like something straight out of a fairytale, with picturesque vineyards and charming little villages dotting the landscape. Its location at the heart of Europe has made it an important centre of trade and commerce for centuries, and its castles, fortresses, and other historical sites are a testament to its rich and fascinating past. And don't forget about Luxembourg City, with its UNESCO World Heritage Site designation and its impressive architecture, museums, and galleries. It's like stepping back in time! And speaking of stepping, Luxembourg is a great place to explore on foot. Sure, you could take a bus or train, but why bother when you can stroll through the charming streets and alleyways, taking in the sights and sounds of this delightful little country? Luxembourg may be small, but it's mighty in every way that counts. So why not add it to your travel bucket list and discover all the amazing things that this little gem has to offer?

Building A Better Luxembourg

Luxembourg's architecture, where old meets new, is a delightful mash-up of styles and designs! From medieval castles to futuristic skyscrapers, this tiny country packs a punch when it comes to buildings that are both stunning and functional. Let's start with the castles, because who doesn't love a good fairy tale fortress? Luxembourg is chock-full of them, from the Castle of Vianden with its Gothic facade to the grand Castle Bourscheid perched atop a hill overlooking the river. It's like living in a fantasy world, but with better plumbing. But don't let the medieval castles fool you - Luxembourg is also hip and happening when it comes to modern architecture. The Kirchberg district in Luxembourg City is a mecca for fans of sleek and futuristic buildings, like the Coque sports complex that looks like it was beamed down from outer space. It's like living in a sci-fi movie, but with better snacks. And let's not forget the charming old towns, like the UNESCO-listed Old Quarter in Luxembourg City. Here, you can stroll along winding cobblestone streets and admire the stunning Gothic architecture while sipping a cup of coffee in a cosy little cafe. It's like stepping back in time, but with better Wi-Fi. So, whether you're a fan of medieval castles, futuristic skyscrapers, or charming old towns, Luxembourg's architecture has got you covered. It's a delightful blend of styles and eras that will leave you in awe (and maybe a little jealous that you don't live there).

When to go

When it comes to visiting Luxembourg, timing is everything. If you're looking for a hot summer holiday, then the months of June to August are your best bet. But if you're after a cooler and calmer vibe, then the spring and autumn months of April to May or September to October are the way to go. As for the weather, Luxembourg has a bit of a split personality. It's temperate, which basically means it can't make up its mind. In the summer, you'll enjoy mild temperatures that hover around the 18-24°C (64-75°F) range, while in the winter, things can get chilly with average temperatures of 0-6°C (32-43°F). But don't let a little rain put a damper on your plans! Luxembourg may be a small country, but it's got plenty of indoor activities and cultural events to keep you entertained no matter the weather. Besides, who says a little rain can't add to the romance and charm of this place? One thing to keep in mind is that the Ardennes region in the north tends to be a bit cooler than the Gutland region in the south. But hey, variety is the spice of life, right? Overall, Luxembourg is a great destination to visit year-round, so pack your bags and get ready for an adventure. Just make sure to bring a jacket, an umbrella, and a sense of humour, and you're sure to have a blast!

Tourist Season: June - August (Summer)
Best Weather: June - August


Time Zone: Central European Time Zone (CET)
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Cost/Expense: $$$$
Languages: Luxembourgish, French, German
Dates for your Calendar
Jan - New Year’s Day
Feb - Carnival
Jun - Luxembourg National Day
Aug - Assumption Day
Sept - Luxembourg City Kermesse
Nov - All Saints’ Day
Dec - Christmas Day

Languages 101

Get ready for a linguistic adventure! Luxembourg is a multilingual marvel, with not one, not two, but three official languages: Luxembourgish, French, and German. Luxembourgish is the local lingo and the one you'll hear the most when you're chilling with the locals. It's a quirky Germanic language that has a unique sound and flavour all its own. And trust me, mastering a few phrases in Luxembourgish will earn you major cool points. French is the official language used in government and schools, while German is the go-to for the northern regions of the country. It's like a language buffet up in here! But wait, there's more! You'll also hear plenty of English in Luxembourg, especially in the tourist industry. And if you listen closely, you might even pick up a few other languages like Portuguese, Italian, and Spanish. Luxembourg's linguistic landscape is a testament to its cultural richness and diversity. So, dust off your language learning skills and get ready to embrace the multilingual madness of this amazing country!


Getting There

By Plane

Luxembourg has a well-connected airport, Luxembourg Findel Airport, which makes it easy to travel to the country by plane from continental Europe. Once you arrive at Luxembourg Findel Airport, you can take a taxi, bus, or train to your final destination. Taxis are available outside the terminal, and there's a bus stop right in front of the airport. You can take bus number 16 to the city centre, which takes around 25 minutes. The train station is located about 5 minutes' walk from the airport, and trains run frequently to destinations across Luxembourg and beyond. If you're travelling from a nearby country, another option is to take a train or bus to Luxembourg. There are frequent train and bus connections from cities like Paris, Brussels, and Frankfurt to Luxembourg City.

By Train

Luxembourg has a good rail network that connects to major cities in Europe. The main train station, called "Luxembourg Gare," is located in the heart of Luxembourg City and serves as a hub for both regional and international train connections.

By Bus

The bus system in Luxembourg is efficient and affordable. The national bus company, called ‘Voyages Emile Weber’, operates buses throughout the country, including to and from neighbouring countries. There are also regional and city buses that connect to smaller towns and villages.

Getting Around

By Car

Renting a car is also an option if you want more flexibility and independence when exploring Luxembourg. However, keep in mind that the country is small, and parking can be difficult in some areas, especially in the city centre.

By Public Transport

Luxembourg has an extensive public transport system that includes buses, trains, and trams. The system is integrated, meaning that you can use the same ticket to travel on all forms of public transport. The public transport system is also very affordable, making it a great option for budget-conscious travellers.

On Foot

Luxembourg is a small country with charming towns and villages, making it easy to explore on foot. Walking is a great way to take in the sights and sounds of the country, especially in the scenic countryside.

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