A witness of past events - Khan Palace Nakhchivan

Aydan Isayeva | Live the World

November 23, 2022

Nakhchivan is one of the world's ancient cultural centres. As a result of studies in 2006, 1162 monuments were registered in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. About 600 of them are world-wide and country-specific. One of the important historical places in Nakhchivan is Khan Palace, that is a witness of past events.

A bit of history

After the fall of Nadir Shah (one of the most powerful Iranian rulers in the history) in 1747, twenty khanates ( a political entity ruled by a Khan or Khagan) occurred in Azerbaijan. Each of them has its place and role in the history of Azerbaijan. One of them was the Nakhchivan Khanate. The first khan of the khanate was Heydar-Kuli Khan of the Kengerly tribe, who lived in this territory from about the 9th century. Nakhchivan Khan Palace was built in 1760 by the father of Ehsan Khan -Kalbali Khan Kangarli. The monument is built in the style of eastern architecture. It has been the residence of the Nakhchivan khans from the mid-18th century till the early 20th century. Khan Palace attracted the attention of travellers and diplomats who have been to this city. He is mentioned in the books, diaries and memoirs of orientalists, diplomats and military people, who visited Nakhchivan in the 19th century.

The structure of building

Khan Palace has a luxurious interior: a large hall and a ceiling covered with exquisite ornaments that attracted the foreign guests from all over the world. In addition to the famous mirror hall, the palace has two summer gazebos on the third floor - the living rooms, which were built parallel to the halls in the front part, and were led by an internal staircase. On the first floor, there were rooms for ministers and a courtroom, on the second floor to the right and left of the first entrance - the chambers of the Khan's family. The Mirror Hall was located to the right of the second entrance and was intended for official receptions. The palace of the Nakhchivan khans is compositionally reminiscent of the khan's palaces in Tabriz and Irevan, since they are all the products of the same architectural school.


The building of the palace began functioning as Nakhchivan State Carpet Museum in 1998. In 2010, the State Historical-Architectural Museum "Khan Palace" was established in the building. The museum has nine exposition halls. There are about 2000 exhibits, 236 of which are exhibited in the museum. Among these exhibits, there are archival documents, photos, maps of Nakhchivan khanate. On the first floor, there are workrooms, a farm, and other auxiliary areas. On the second floor there are eight, and on the third floor only one exhibition and exposition hall. In the main hall, where the collection is stored, 40 exhibits are displayed through five windows with glass caps and 16 wall pallets.

Nakhchivan Khan palace, that is a witness of past events, will take you to the khanates period during your visit to this magical place.

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