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Hill of Crosses

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The Hill of Crosses: A Symbol of Faith and Resilience in Jurgaičiai

Nestled about 12 km north of the city of Šiauliai, in northern Lithuania, lies a place of profound spiritual significance - the Hill of Crosses (Kryžių kalnas). This site of pilgrimage has captured the hearts of visitors from around the world with its awe-inspiring display of crosses and crucifixes. Let's delve into the captivating history, architectural features, and things to do at this remarkable destination.

A Testament of Faith and Endurance

The origin of the Hill of Crosses dates back to the 19th century, after the 1831 Uprising. It is believed that the first crosses were placed on the former Jurgaičiai or Domantai hill fort by Catholic pilgrims. Over the years, the hill has become a symbol of peaceful endurance for the Lithuanian people, who faced numerous challenges throughout history.

A Majestic Display of Devotion

As you approach the Hill of Crosses, you'll be greeted by an awe-inspiring sight. The exact number of crosses is unknown, but estimates suggest there were around 55,000 in 1990 and 100,000 in 2006. The hill is adorned not only with crosses and crucifixes but also statues of the Virgin Mary, carvings of Lithuanian patriots, and thousands of tiny effigies and rosaries. This remarkable display of devotion is a testament to the deep-rooted faith of the pilgrims who have visited this sacred site.

Exploring the Hill and Surroundings

Visiting the Hill of Crosses is a truly unique experience. Take your time to wander through the hill, marveling at the countless crosses and the stories they represent. Each cross holds its own significance, reflecting the prayers, hopes, and memories of those who placed them there.

Nearby, you'll find the Franciscan hermitage, which was opened in 2000. The interior decoration draws inspiration from La Verna, the mountain where St. Francis is said to have received his stigmata. The hermitage offers a peaceful retreat for reflection and contemplation.

Historical Significance and Resilience

The Hill of Crosses holds immense historical significance for Lithuania. During the Soviet occupation from 1944 to 1990, the hill became a symbol of resistance and a place for Lithuanians to express their allegiance to their identity, religion, and heritage. Despite the Soviet authorities' attempts to remove the crosses and even bulldoze the site multiple times, the hill stood as a symbol of resilience and hope.

When to Visit

The Hill of Crosses can be visited year-round, but the experience may vary depending on the season. Spring and summer offer pleasant weather, with blooming flowers adding a touch of color to the landscape. Autumn brings a beautiful tapestry of golden hues, creating a picturesque backdrop for the crosses. Winter, with its serene atmosphere and occasional snowfall, offers a unique and tranquil experience.


The Hill of Crosses in Jurgaičiai is a place that captivates the hearts and souls of all who visit. Its rich history, architectural features, and profound spiritual significance make it a must-visit destination in Lithuania. Whether you seek a place for reflection, a glimpse into the country's past, or simply a unique cultural experience, the Hill of Crosses will leave an indelible mark on your journey.

Updated on 27 May 2024
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