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Freedom Square, Yerevan

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Exploring Freedom Square: A Historic Landmark in Yerevan

Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia, is a treasure trove of historical landmarks and cultural attractions. One such iconic destination is Freedom Square, also known as Liberty Square. Located in the heart of Yerevan's Kentron district, this vibrant town square holds great historical significance for the people of Armenia and offers visitors a range of activities and attractions to enjoy.

Historical Significance and Architectural Features

Freedom Square has played a pivotal role in the modern history of Armenia. Since the Karabakh movement in 1988, the square has been a gathering place for popular demonstrations. It became a symbol of the people's desire for freedom and independence. However, it was not until the aftermath of the disputed 2008 presidential election that the square gained international attention. Thousands of supporters of opposition leader Levon Ter-Petrosyan gathered here to peacefully protest, only to be met with violence from the police.

The square is also home to two prominent statues that pay tribute to Armenian cultural figures. The statue of writer Hovhannes Tumanyan, known for his contributions to Armenian literature, stands proudly in the square. Additionally, the statue of composer Alexander Spendiaryan, renowned for his classical compositions, adds to the artistic ambiance of the area.

Things to Do and See

Aside from its historical significance, Freedom Square offers visitors a range of activities and attractions. The square is part of the Yerevan Opera Theater complex, and its proximity to the main opera building makes it an ideal spot for theater enthusiasts. Catching a performance at the opera or simply admiring the stunning architecture is a must-do when visiting the square.

For those seeking relaxation, the square is surrounded by beautiful green spaces. Take a leisurely stroll through the opera park or enjoy the serene atmosphere near Swan Lake, located just south of the main opera building. These areas provide a peaceful retreat from the bustling city center.

Fun Facts and When to Visit

Did you know that Freedom Square was previously known as Opera Square and Theatre Square? The name change occurred in 1991, symbolizing the newfound freedom and independence of Armenia.

To make the most of your visit to Freedom Square, it is recommended to plan your trip during the spring or summer months. The pleasant weather during this time allows for comfortable exploration of the square and its surroundings. Additionally, keep an eye out for any cultural events or festivals that may be taking place in the square, as they offer a unique opportunity to experience the vibrant spirit of Yerevan.


Freedom Square is a captivating destination that showcases the rich history and cultural heritage of Yerevan. Whether you are interested in exploring its historical significance, enjoying a performance at the opera, or simply taking in the beauty of the surrounding green spaces, this iconic square is sure to leave a lasting impression. So, make sure to include Freedom Square in your itinerary when visiting Yerevan – you won't be disappointed!

Updated on 27 May 2024

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